History & Theories of Intermedia

03.02.17 Historical Developments, Part III: Cage, Happenings & Fluxus


Zen-vaudeville by David Doris

The Aesthetics of John Cage by Richard Kostelanetz

Avant-gardism and the Fluxus Project by Owen Smith

Anti-art as the End of Cultural History by Michel Oren

Reflections on Happenings by Darko Suvins

How to Make a Happening by Allan Kaprow



 Duchamp’s criticisms of cage becomes an acceptance


Many students studied with Cage, they picked up on his openness and permissiveness

Not so much Duchamp’s critique but a broadening of aesthetic


Duchamp-Cage Aesthetic

Duchamp – What is the relationship between life and art why have we culturally separated them. What’s the difference?


Cage – we have culturally come to this problematic point where we think that there are things that we call art that have more significance and value than things that we don’t call art


Chance, aleatoric processes –  processes that remove some decision making from the user, altering the flow of decision making to allow us to interrupt our potential blinders so that we reflect nature and its manner of operations


Rejection of hierarchies, questioning the artwork


Me – makes me think of Amanda’s work… but I thought Owen was saying “chant” not “chance” I feel dumb… however…. The idea of exploring the use of chants and ritual is interesting….


Weird plastic music thing… Fontana Mix 1958 LOOK UP LATER


A change of world view and an attitude


George Maciunas: To justify the artists professional, parasitic and elite status in society, …Art is made to be rare…


Anyone can do art and anything can be art



Comes out of cage in terms of breaking down the barriers between artist and artwork and broad engagement coming out of Neo Dada and post —- period and the world of materials is sort of broadly open in work


Materials – human participants, etc.


Artists becomes the person constructing experiences or environments


Destruction and Art symposium, relationship between destruction and creative processes