History & Theories of Intermedia

02.23.17 History, Journal 6 – Historical Developments, Part II: Surrealism and Neo-Dada forms



Documents of Dada and Surrealism by Irene Hofmann

The Assault on Culture of Stewart Home

Neo-dada in Music, Theater, Poetry and Art by George Maciunas

Manifesto of Surrealism by Andre Breton

Pop, Junk Culture, Assemblage and the New Vulgarians by Estera Milman

Pre-fluxus Conceptual Developments and Generative Influences by Owen Smith


Surrealism – Psychic automatism… (quote from reading)

Written in 1923 published in 1924


Primary literary didn’t think it could be visual because “making” required to much rational control to produce… (you have to know where to put the paint)


Second form …. A way to work in levels that creates images ….


Surrealism comes out of Dada


Primary constituents where poets


Andre Baton (pope of surrealism)


Dali not a member of surrealism from 1927 on because he got kicked out


You can’t throw someone out of a style but you can throw them out of a movement as it is happening


Late 1920s become very associated with Marxism


Like dada bc it is Past reason but not the tabula rasa of dada, trying to construct the replacement for reason… escape the limitations that Dada had enumerated


Escape from aesthetic and moral concern, aesthetic meaning cultural and moral meaning things that repress fundamental basic human instincts (big one is sexuality). Very anti religion especially organized religion


Psychic automatism – automatic writing? Coming out of interest in taking basic Freudian and psychological thinking’s about the workings of the mind and applying it to develop a process. Automatism is a way of producing without using reason. Mechanisms to reduce or destroy the functioning’s of the rational mechanisms of the mind.


Outside of time, contradictory thoughts,


Max Enst collage


Man Ray altered ready made


Notes from Owen:

Given some of our discussion last week this session of the TED Radio hour on “The Sprit of Inquiry” is well worth a listen. I particularly think that Naomi Oreskes: Why Should We Believe In Science?
and Liz Coleman: How Do We Teach College Students To Ask Big Questions?
are in particular interesting.